Blaise Pascal, a 17th Century philosopher and mathematician developed an argument advocating based on a risk for believing in God. Pascal’s Wager can be summarized as follows: if you believe in God and he does not exist, you lose nothing; but, if you do not believe in God and he does exist you will experience infinite loss. Of course, there are more scenarios that have been analyzed over time that include believing in God, seeing that he does exist, and then obtaining an infinite and everlasting reward.

The rapid development and deployment of COVID vaccines has occurred along with a…


It’s no mystery that Black Americans have a strong mistrust of the US healthcare system. The COVID pandemic has asymmetrically impacted the Black community. Despite the virus killing Black Americans at more than twice the rate of Whites, vaccine delivery in some states is going to Whites at three-to-four times the rates of Blacks.

Credit: Hannah Recht/Kaiser Health Network (KHN). Source: Kaiser Health Network. https://khn.org/news/article/as-vaccine-rollout-expands-black-americans-still-left-behind/. Data from state health departments collected from Jan. 26 to Jan. 28, 2021; American Community Survey 2019

Black mistrust in healthcare is well-founded based on racial bias, disparate, racial bias, and even in the foundation of modern medicine. A common misconception is that the Hippocratic…


Figure 1. Mandelbrot Set. Created by Wolfgang Beyer with the program Ultra Fractal 3. — Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=321973

I have been looking at the John Hopkins Coronavirus data since the inception of the pandemic. The key metrics being tracked and reported include cases, hospitalizations, hospital capacity, and deaths. The growth in cases can be modeled and estimated using a figure called R-naught that tells us how many persons an infected individual can infect. The growth pattern appears to be exponential. As of November 27, following a Thanksgiving holiday that saw record travel…


NYC Subway. Source: Mtattrain / CC BY-SA

In a recent post, Rethinking Society, I adovcated for adopting enhanced ventilation standards utilized in biosafety laboratories. New York City Subways have up to 18 air changes per hour according to reporting from New York Times reporter, Christina Goldbaum. Check out the full report: “Is the Subway Risky? It May Be Safer Than You Think.” This means that the entire volume of air in a train car exits approximately every 3 minutes. MSNBC’s Morning Joe covered the matter on a recent show.

MSNBC MorningJoe Segment on Subway Safety. Subway safety comments start at 2:20s.

The process you follow to solve a problem directly impacts your ability to find a solution. I’ve heard many complaints about math and science over the years where people improperly conclude that they “just don’t get it” or “it’s not my thing”. I do understand that intellignece can be expressed in other ways. However, failing to understand foundational principals will cascade into long-term failure in subjects like math where success is path-dependent.

Math problems are more difficult when the process for solving them are not clear. Tests and homework assignments are crafted to confuse and misdirect test takers.

Don’t think…


The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is a devastating, once-in-a-century event that is adversely impacting countries across the globe. In the past, humans have learned to adapt to challenging and deadly environments. Best practices should include rapid research, communication, contact tracing, testing, and development of a vaccine. In the absence of leadership on implementing best practices, we need to identify a path to a new normal. Even assuming the worst, we do have a path forward. In our current state, buildings are designed to prolong the life and spread of pathogenic (disease or infection-causing) microorganisms, e.g., viruses, bacteria, and fungi, etc.. Cleaning…


Proven methods exist for fighting misinformation and the proliferation of conspiracy theories including inoculation theory. We can fight fake news like as if it were a virus. Inoculation theory has been proven effective with statistical signifigance (effect size not p-values). In practice, inoculation has been used to reverse the impact of mis-information about climate change.

We can also look at the spread of fake news as undesireable social behavior akin to lying or cheating. Dan Ariely has contributed a lot to behavioral economics and reducing cheating. …


Effective legistlastion pre-emptively uses (1) and (2) to ensure enforcenment:
(1) Law of Physics
(2) Laws of Economics
(3) Laws of Society



I’ve done some reflecting after launching the What’s Good Project and writing about the Theory of Moments. What’s Good leveraged Google Machine Learning and Natural Language Processing API to analyze and score the sentiment of news articles on a -1 to 1 scale. I used machine learning to create a new service tier for Rossella that enables customers to filter their scheduled tweets by tone: negative, neutral, positive or very positive. AI and Machine Learning are powerful tool in analyzing social media content to identify bias, bots, and fake news.

Rossella Machine Learning Services

What can we do to create smarter and more accurate…

K. Alexander Ashe

Dev, Eng, Lean Six Sigma Blackbelt, Problem Solver, @FAMU_1887 alum, @Columbia alum

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store